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 New mass graves containing about 5,000 suspected victims of Indonesia’s 1965 anti-Communist purges found: NGO

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BerichtOnderwerp: New mass graves containing about 5,000 suspected victims of Indonesia’s 1965 anti-Communist purges found: NGO   vr 17 nov 2017 - 10:35






AFP Nov. 17, 2017

A new set of mass graves from Indonesia’s anti-communist purges has been discovered, a victim right’s group said Thursday, after recently declassified US documents showed Washington had full knowledge of the extent of the brutal massacres.

Some 16 new grave sites containing about 5,000 suspected victims of the Cold War killings were pinpointed around the island of Java, according to the organization.

Historians say up to 500,000 alleged Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) supporters were killed between 1965-1966 by soldiers and civilian militias around the time General Suharto became president.

He blamed the PKI for a failed coup and rose to power on the back of the bloodshed, going on to lead the world’s most populous Muslim nation with an iron fist for three decades.

Witnesses of the massacres led investigators to the latest grave sites, with more than 100 others scattered across the island nation.

“One of the witnesses said his grandfather’s job was to wash the dead bodies,” said Bedjo Untung, head of the 1965 Victims Group.“He would follow his grandfather and saw him clean about 50 bodies a day,” he added.

Untung — who was imprisoned as a member of the Communist party in the mid-1960s — urged Indonesia’s human rights commission to investigate and protect the graves as well as members of his group.

A presidential spokesman did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Although they were among some of the worst massacres of the Cold War era, the purges have long remained taboo in Indonesia, which had the world’s third-biggest communist party after China and the Soviet Union before the killings.

Last month, declassified US documents showed how American officials across the archipelago knew of the massacres, including the complicity of prominent Muslim civil society groups in the killings. But diplomats offered little public protest, keen to take advantage of the communist party’s destruction at the height of the Cold War.

The 39 US embassy documents cover the period from 1964-1968 and uncovered new details about one of the most tumultuous periods in modern Indonesian history.

Jakarta reopened the painful history last year for the first time by backing a series of public discussions after President Joko Widodo ordered a senior minister to launch an investigation.

But no concrete action to delve into the country dark’s history or bring perpetrators to account has so far been taken.


siK.


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